Fascism in other countries spain was another fascist country in europe general franco led a nationalist movement in the spanish civil war, in which he got help from italy and germanyafter winning the war franco became dictator of spain and ruled the country until he died in 1975. There are many similarities, as well as important differences, between the fascism that emerged in italy and germany during the 1920s and 1930s to be able to compare and contrast the two one needs to know more about the rise of fascism in italy. Italian dictator benito mussolini, left, and adolf hitler, the leader of nazi germany, led fascist movements in the 1930s and ‘40s credit: fox photos/getty images fascism is a complex ideology.
With the collapse of nazi germany in april 1945, mussolini was captured by italian partisans and on april 29 was executed by firing squad with his mistress, clara petacci, after a brief court-martial. The second type of conflict that fed both fascism and national socialism was social in the aftermath of war, italy and germany were haunted by the spectre of breakdown, yet unlike russia they had substantial strata of society that were prepared to resist the menace of revolution. By the mid-1930s, fascism was well-established in two of europe's leading nations, germany and italy germany was booming, and building up its massive military — blatantly breaking the treaty of versailles, which ended world war i.
The ten essays in fascist italy and nazi germany, arranged in five italy/germany pairs, explore topics in the social, economic and political history of the two regimesdespite the subtitle, there is little in the way of direct comparison between them, with the contrasts mostly left implicit. In germany, opposition to fascism was similarly complicated by post-war “stay-behind” networks like italy, the post-war order in germany maintained tacit bonds between state entities like the bundesnachrechtendienst and non-state fascist groupuscules. The german fascist regime led by adolf hitler before and during ww2 the nature of german fascism is similar to the italian version, except for the inclusion of racial bias in the foundation of its core. Fascism: a history is a fascinating examination of fascist movements in italy, germany, france, and britain, one that traces the roots of each country's groups and philosophies and analyses the reasons behind their successes and failures particularly interesting are the sections on italy and germany, both of which proved to be fertile breeding grounds for fascism due to the characteristics of. Just as anti-feminism and sexism are at the heart of trumpism and fascism, so too is racism while italian fascism lacked nazism’s genocidal anti-semitism, a sense of racial superiority was foundational to fascist thinking nonetheless, which was tragically evident during italy’s murderous campaigns in ethiopia and libya.
History of italy italy and empire medieval italy shifting alliances napoleon but it is from mussolini's party that the generic word 'fascism' will emerge) he can feel confident that his decision in the previous year to align italy with germany, forming a new 'axis' in european diplomacy, was a wise one. Fascism făsh´ĭzəm , totalitarian philosophy of government that glorifies the state and nation and assigns to the state control over every aspect of national life the name was first used by the party started by benito mussolini , who ruled italy from 1922 until the italian defeat in world war ii. Fascism began in italy as a result of the heavy changes that happened in the country during world war i and was a response to the heavy socialism and communism that was present during the years after the first world war.
Europe german-speaking italy and the legacy of fascism south tyrol has been part of italy for a century, but the tensions left by mussolini's dictatorship still coexist with the idyllic landscape. Fc133: benito mussolini and the rise of fascism in italy (1919-25) flowchart fc133 in the hyperflow of history and italy and germany, the one a winner and the other a loser in the war, were both bitter about the treaty of versailles and anxious to reverse its verdict mussolini and the rise of fascism in italy. The rise of fascism and nazism the great war period was a turning point in european history it had reshaped the economic, political and demographic landscape of europe the industrial revolution and the emergence of advanced military technology at the end of the nineteenth century changed the way.
Fascism was founded in italy by benito mussolini, who began his political career in socialist circles but came to embrace the idea of an authoritarian, nationalist corporate state to achieve his ideals. A look at the rise of fascism in post wwi europe focusing on adolf hitler and benito mussolini please consider supporting the world history summer video pro.
Mussolini traveled around italy studying, teaching, and writing adolf hitler rose to power in german politics as leader of the national socialist german workers party, also known as the nazi party hitler was chancellor of germany from 1933 to 1945, and served as. The term fascism was first used of the totalitarian right-wing nationalist regime of mussolini in italy (1922–43), and the regimes of the nazis in germany and franco in spain were also fascist fascism tends to include a belief in the supremacy of one national or ethnic group, a contempt for democracy, an insistence on obedience to a. The rise of fascism in germany occurred for several reasons first, the harsh punishment meted out to germany at the end of wwi crippled the german economy and made life in germany incredibly hard.